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Predictors of breast cancer mortality among white and black women in large United States cities: an ecologic study.

Hunt BR, Silva A, Lock D, Hurlbert M. Predictors of breast cancer mortality among white and black women in large United States cities: an ecologic study. Cancer Causes & Control : Ccc. 2019 Feb 1; 30(2):149-164.

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PURPOSE: We employed a city-level ecologic analysis to assess predictors of race-specific (black and white) breast cancer mortality rates. METHODS: We used data from the National Center for Health Statistics and the US Census Bureau to calculate 2010-2014 race-specific breast cancer mortality rates (BCMR) for 47 of the largest US cities. Data on potential city-level predictors (e.g., socioeconomic factors, health care resources) of race-specific BCMR were obtained from various publicly available datasets. We constructed race-specific multivariable negative binomial regression models to estimate rate ratios (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: Predictors of the white BCMR included white/black differences in education (RR 0.95; CI 0.91-0.99), number of religious congregations (RR 0.87; CI 0.77-0.97), and number of Medicare primary care physicians (RR 1.15; CI 1.04-1.28). Predictors of the black rate included white/black differences in household income (RR 1.03; CI 1.01-1.05), number of mammography facilities (RR 1.07; CI 1.03-1.12), and mammogram use (RR 0.93; CI 0.89-0.97). CONCLUSIONS: Our ecologic analysis found that predictors of breast cancer mortality differ for the black and white rate. The results of this analysis could help inform interventions at the local level.

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