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Characteristics and Care Outcomes Among Persons Living With Perinatally Acquired HIV Infection in the United States, 2015.

Gray KM, Ocfemia MCB, Wang X, Li J, Nesheim SR. Characteristics and Care Outcomes Among Persons Living With Perinatally Acquired HIV Infection in the United States, 2015. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999). 2019 Sep 1; 82(1):17-23.

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BACKGROUND: Medical advancements have improved the survival of persons with perinatally acquired HIV infection (PHIV). We describe persons living with diagnosed PHIV and assess receipt of HIV care, retention in care, and viral suppression. METHODS: Data reported to the National HIV Surveillance System through December 2017 were used to characterize persons living with diagnosed PHIV by year-end 2015 in the United States and 6 dependent areas. National HIV Surveillance System data from 40 jurisdictions with complete laboratory reporting were used to assess receipt of HIV care ( = 1 CD4 or viral load during 2015), retention in HIV care ( = 2 CD4 or viral load tests = 3 months apart during 2015) and viral suppression ( < 200 copies/mL during 2015) among persons with PHIV diagnosed by year-end 2014 and alive at year-end 2015. RESULTS: By year-end 2015, 11,747 persons were living with PHIV and half were aged 18-25 years. Of 9562 persons with HIV diagnosed by year-end 2014 and living with PHIV at year-end 2015 in the 40 jurisdictions, 75.4% received any care, 61.1% were retained in care, and 49.0% achieved viral suppression. Persons aged = 17 years had a significantly higher prevalence of being retained in care (prevalence ratio = 1.2, 95% confidence interval = 1.2 to 1.3) and virally suppressed (prevalence ratio = 1.4, 95% confidence interval = 1.3 to 1.5) than persons aged 18-25 years. CONCLUSIONS: Efforts to improve care outcomes among persons with PHIV are needed. Enhanced collaboration between pediatric and adult medical providers may ensure continuity of care during the transition from adolescence to adulthood.

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