Talk to the Veterans Crisis Line now
U.S. flag
An official website of the United States government

VA Health Systems Research

Go to the VA ORD website
Go to the QUERI website

HSR&D Citation Abstract

Search | Search by Center | Search by Source | Keywords in Title

Stigma, Treatment, and Health among Stimulant Users: Life Stage as a Moderator.

Woodhead EL, Timko C, Han X, Cucciare MA. Stigma, Treatment, and Health among Stimulant Users: Life Stage as a Moderator. Journal of applied developmental psychology. 2018 Dec 3; 60:96-104.

Related HSR&D Project(s)

Dimensions for VA is a web-based tool available to VA staff that enables detailed searches of published research and research projects.

If you have VA-Intranet access, click here for more information

VA staff not currently on the VA network can access Dimensions by registering for an account using their VA email address.
   Search Dimensions for VA for this citation
* Don't have VA-internal network access or a VA email address? Try searching the free-to-the-public version of Dimensions


This 3-year study examined associations among drug use stigma, life stage, treatment utilization and health among 710 US adults using stimulants. Consistent with substance use developmental frameworks, life stage was represented by Emerging adulthood (18-25 years old, n = 223), Earlymid adulthood (26-44 years old; n = 384), and Older adulthood (45-61 years old; n = 103). Emerging adults experienced less enacted stigma (i.e., experiences of discrimination) and perceived less public stigma (i.e., unjust treatment) over the course of the study than other life stage groups. More baseline enacted stigma was associated with more mental health and substance use treatment, whereas more baseline self stigma (i.e., negative thoughts about the self) was associated with less treatment utilization. Life stage moderated stigma-outcome associations such that substance use outcomes were worse for Emerging adults reporting more enacted stigma. Although emerging adults experienced less drug use stigma, stigma had a more negative impact on adults in this life stage.

Questions about the HSR website? Email the Web Team

Any health information on this website is strictly for informational purposes and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any condition.