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Gilmartin HM, Hessels AJ. Dissemination and implementation science for infection prevention: A primer. American journal of infection control. 2019 Jun 1; 47(6):688-692.
Dissemination and implementation science (DandI) is a rapidly growing area of investigation. Although many evidence-based guidelines for infection prevention are available, not all are systematically implemented into clinical practice. This evidence-to-practice gap has been linked to poor health outcomes. DandI science bridges the gap between research and everyday practice by providing a knowledge base about how health information, interventions, and new clinical practices and policies are translated for use in specific settings. DandI science can expedite and sustain the successful integration of evidence into practice to improve care delivery, population health, and health outcomes. This article offers an introductory overview of DandI and addresses issues such as variation in terminology, finding and appraising evidence, theories and models, implementation strategies, and the future of DandI. Examples from the infection prevention literature are presented throughout.