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Wolitzky-Taylor K, Fenwick K, Lengnick-Hall R, Grossman J, Bearman SK, Arch J, Miranda J, Chung B. A Preliminary Exploration of the Barriers to Delivering (and Receiving) Exposure-Based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Anxiety Disorders in Adult Community Mental Health Settings. Community mental health journal. 2018 Oct 1; 54(7):899-911.
Despite the effectiveness of exposure-based cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for anxiety disorders, few individuals in need receive this treatment, particularly in community mental health settings serving low-income adults. The present study took a preliminary step to understand these barriers by conducting a series of key informant interviews and focus groups among patients, providers, clinical administrators, and policy makers. Several themes emerged as barriers to the delivery of exposure-based CBT in these settings, including therapist training and compentency issues, logistical issues, and funding stream issues. Clinical implications and future research that can build from these data are discussed.