skip to page content
Talk to the Veterans Crisis Line now
U.S. flag
An official website of the United States government

Health Services Research & Development

Go to the ORD website
Go to the QUERI website

HSR&D Citation Abstract

Search | Search by Center | Search by Source | Keywords in Title

Change in social support while participating in behavioral activation for PTSD.

Campbell SB, Fortney J, Simpson TL, Jakupcak M, Wagner A. Change in social support while participating in behavioral activation for PTSD. Psychological trauma : theory, research, practice and policy. 2019 Nov 1; 11(8):905-908.

Related HSR&D Project(s)

  • RCS 17-153 – RCS
Dimensions for VA is a web-based tool available to VA staff that enables detailed searches of published research and research projects.

If you have VA-Intranet access, click here for more information

VA staff not currently on the VA network can access Dimensions by registering for an account using their VA email address.
   Search Dimensions for VA for this citation
* Don't have VA-internal network access or a VA email address? Try searching the free-to-the-public version of Dimensions


OBJECTIVE: Lack of social support predicts the development, maintenance, and exacerbation of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Moreover, social dysfunction is associated with recurrent episodes of PTSD care, and detachment/estrangement from others is a strong predictor of suicidal ideation among those with PTSD. Thus, treatments to improve social functioning among those with PTSD are needed. METHOD: Eighty veterans of recent operations in Iraq and Afghanistan participated in a randomized controlled trial comparing treatment as usual to behavioral activation (BA) for PTSD, a treatment that focuses on reducing avoidance behaviors and increasing engagement in valued goals rather than explicitly confronting trauma memories. RESULTS: Mixed-model regression analyses revealed that, accounting for gender, baseline PTSD, and marital status, participants who received BA experienced greater improvements in the number of social supports from baseline to posttreatment compared with those in treatment as usual (F1,96 = 6.29, p = .014). Gains were not maintained at 3-month follow-up, and significant results were not found for satisfaction with social supports. CONCLUSIONS: BA may facilitate an increase in the perceived number of social supports available to veterans with PTSD, but treatment adaptation may be necessary to maintain these gains and to increase satisfaction with social support. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).

Questions about the HSR&D website? Email the Web Team

Any health information on this website is strictly for informational purposes and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any condition.