Talk to the Veterans Crisis Line now
U.S. flag
An official website of the United States government

VA Health Systems Research

Go to the VA ORD website
Go to the QUERI website

HSR Citation Abstract

Search | Search by Center | Search by Source | Keywords in Title

Smoking-cessation interventions by type of provider: a meta-analysis.

Mojica WA, Suttorp MJ, Sherman SE, Morton SC, Roth EA, Maglione MA, Rhodes SL, Shekelle PG. Smoking-cessation interventions by type of provider: a meta-analysis. American journal of preventive medicine. 2004 Jun 1; 26(5):391-401.

Dimensions for VA is a web-based tool available to VA staff that enables detailed searches of published research and research projects.

If you have VA-Intranet access, click here for more information

VA staff not currently on the VA network can access Dimensions by registering for an account using their VA email address.
   Search Dimensions for VA for this citation
* Don't have VA-internal network access or a VA email address? Try searching the free-to-the-public version of Dimensions


OBJECTIVE: To synthesize the evidence on the effectiveness of smoking-cessation interventions by type of provider. METHODS: A random effects meta-regression was estimated to examine the effect of provider and whether the intervention contained nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), on the intervention's relative risk of quitting as compared to placebo or usual care from studies published in databases from inception to 2000. Thirty additional studies not included in the previous 1996 and 2000 U.S. Public Health Service clinical practice guidelines were used to provide the most comprehensive analysis to date of the comparative effectiveness of different types of providers in interventions for smoking cessation that have been published. RESULTS: The effectiveness without NRT follows: psychologist (1.94, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.04-3.62); physician (1.87, CI = 1.42-2.45); counselor (1.82, CI = 0.84-3.96); nurse (1.76, CI = 1.21-2.57); unknown (1.27, CI = 0.57-2.82); other (1.18, CI = 0.67-2.10); and self-help (1.28, CI = 0.89-1.82). Effectiveness of most providers increased by almost twofold with the use of NRT. CONCLUSIONS: Smoking-cessation interventions without NRT delivered by psychologists, physicians, or nurses are all effective. NRT increases the effectiveness of most providers.

Questions about the HSR website? Email the Web Team

Any health information on this website is strictly for informational purposes and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any condition.