Talk to the Veterans Crisis Line now
U.S. flag
An official website of the United States government

Health Services Research & Development

Go to the ORD website
Go to the QUERI website

HSR&D Citation Abstract

Search | Search by Center | Search by Source | Keywords in Title

Variation in the Use of Warfarin and Direct Oral Anticoagulants in Atrial Fibrillation and Associated Cost Implications.

Rodwin BA, Salami JA, Spatz ES, Valero-Elizondo J, Virani SS, Blankstein R, Blaha MJ, Nasir K, Desai NR. Variation in the Use of Warfarin and Direct Oral Anticoagulants in Atrial Fibrillation and Associated Cost Implications. The American journal of medicine. 2019 Jan 1; 132(1):61-70.e1.

Dimensions for VA is a web-based tool available to VA staff that enables detailed searches of published research and research projects.

If you have VA-Intranet access, click here for more information vaww.hsrd.research.va.gov/dimensions/

VA staff not currently on the VA network can access Dimensions by registering for an account using their VA email address.
   Search Dimensions for VA for this citation
* Don't have VA-internal network access or a VA email address? Try searching the free-to-the-public version of Dimensions



Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Little is known about national patterns of anticoagulant use among patients with atrial fibrillation after the availability of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) and the associated implications for healthcare spending. METHODS: The Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, a nationally representative survey, collects detailed information about prescription drug use, cost, and medical diagnoses. Using International Classification of Disease Ninth Edition (ICD-9) codes and self-reporting, adults with atrial fibrillation were estimated between 2010 and 2014. We examined proportions of patients receiving warfarin and DOACs overall and across sociodemographic and clinical groups. Total drug expenditures and out-of-pocket spending were calculated adjusting to 2014 US dollars. RESULTS: The study population ranged from 364 (equivalent to 4.7 million) in 2010 to 409 (equivalent to 5.5 million) in 2014. Overall use of any anticoagulant increased from 32.4% to 40.1%. DOAC use increased from 0.56% to 17.2%, and warfarin use declined from 32.8% to 22.9% (p trend < 0.01). This trend was seen in nearly all subgroups evaluated. Estimated prescription drug spending on DOACs and warfarin during this time rose from $330 million to $1.9 billion. Out-of-pocket costs for DOACs increased from $10 million to $218 million. CONCLUSION: In a large, nationwide cohort of adults with atrial fibrillation, we observed a rapid increase in the use of DOACs, significant disparities in medication use based on sociodemographic and clinical factors, and an increase in overall and out-of-pocket costs for anticoagulants corresponding to the increased use of DOACs. These patterns have important implications for healthcare quality, equity, and spending.





Questions about the HSR&D website? Email the Web Team.

Any health information on this website is strictly for informational purposes and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any condition.