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A Prospective Targeted Serum Metabolomics Study of Pancreatic Cancer in Postmenopausal Women.

Jiao L, Maity S, Coarfa C, Rajapakshe K, Chen L, Jin F, Putluri V, Tinker LF, Mo Q, Chen F, Sen S, Sangi-Hyghpeykar H, El-Serag HB, Putluri N. A Prospective Targeted Serum Metabolomics Study of Pancreatic Cancer in Postmenopausal Women. Cancer prevention research (Philadelphia, Pa.). 2019 Apr 1; 12(4):237-246.

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To examine the association between metabolic deregulation and pancreatic cancer, we conducted a two-stage case-control targeted metabolomics study using prediagnostic sera collected one year before diagnosis in the Women's Health Initiative study. We used the LC/MS to quantitate 470 metabolites in 30 matched case/control pairs. From 180 detectable metabolites, we selected 14 metabolites to be validated in additional 18 matched case/control pairs. We used the paired test to compare the concentrations of each metabolite between cases and controls and used the log fold change (FC) to indicate the magnitude of difference. FDR adjusted q-value < 0.25 was indicated statistically significant. Logistic regression model and ROC curve analysis were used to evaluate the clinical utility of the metabolites. Among 30 case/control pairs, 1-methyl-l-tryptophan (L-1MT) was significantly lower in the cases than in the controls (log FC = -0.35; q-value = 0.03). The area under the ROC curve was 0.83 in the discrimination analysis based on the levels of L-1MT, acadesine, and aspartic acid. None of the metabolites was validated in additional independent 18 case/control pairs. No significant association was found between the examined metabolites and undiagnosed pancreatic cancer.

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