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Development and Evaluation of a Physician-Targeted Video to Promote HIV Screening.
Arya M, Marek HG, Marren RE, Hemmige V, Street RL, Giordano TP. Development and Evaluation of a Physician-Targeted Video to Promote HIV Screening. Health Promotion Practice. 2019 Nov 1; 20(6):922-931.
Despite national recommendations, routine opt-out HIV testing has not been widely adopted by physicians. Guided by previous research on physician barriers to HIV testing, we developed a physician-targeted video to promote routine opt-out HIV screening. The objective of this study was to evaluate this video intervention. From June to July 2016, physicians in two primary care clinics completed an online survey prior to and after watching the video. Survey items assessed acceptability of the video and HIV testing knowledge, attitudes, and intention to screen. Descriptive statistics were generated to analyze data. Of the 53 participants, 90% liked or strongly liked the video. Pre- to postvideo, significant improvements were seen in the knowledge of national HIV screening recommendations (45.3% to 67.9%; = .010) and of the proportion of unaware Houstonians living with HIV (22.6% to 75.5%; < .001). Participant beliefs about the likelihood of patients accepting HIV testing increased from 47.2% to 84.9% pre- to postvideo ( < .001). Intention to screen did not change; participants had high intentions pre- and postvideo. Our study found that a video is an acceptable HIV testing promotion medium for physicians. Our video improved physician HIV testing knowledge and attitudes, overcoming key barriers to HIV testing.