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Chemotherapy Use, End-of-Life Care, and Costs of Care Among Patients Diagnosed With Stage IV Pancreatic Cancer.

Bao Y, Maciejewski RC, Garrido MM, Shah MA, Maciejewski PK, Prigerson HG. Chemotherapy Use, End-of-Life Care, and Costs of Care Among Patients Diagnosed With Stage IV Pancreatic Cancer. Journal of pain and symptom management. 2018 Apr 1; 55(4):1113-1121.e3.

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Abstract:

CONTEXT: For patients with metastatic cancer and limited life expectancy, potential benefits of chemotherapy must be balanced against harms to quality of life near death and increased out-of-pocket costs of care. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between chemotherapy use by patients with Stage IV pancreatic cancer and health care use and Medicare and out-of-pocket costs in the last 30 days of life. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 3825 patients aged 66 years or older when diagnosed with Stage IV pancreatic cancer in 2006-2011, using the linked Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare data. Using a propensity score matched sample, we examined associations between initiation of chemotherapy shortly after the metastatic diagnosis (and secondarily, continued chemotherapy use in the last 30 days of life) and health care use and costs (both Medicare payment and patient out-of-pocket costs) in the last 30 days of life. RESULTS: Chemotherapy use was associated with increased rates of hospital admissions (45.0% vs. 29.2%, P  <  0.001), emergency department visits (41.3% vs. 27.2%, P  <  0.001), and death in a hospital (14.2% vs. 9.1%, P  <  0.001); fewer days in hospice care (11.5 days vs. 15.7 days, P  <  0.001); and more than 50% increase in patient out-of-pocket costs for care ($1311.5 vs. $841.0, P  <  0.001) in the last 30 days of life. Among patients who initiated chemotherapy, more stark differences in these outcomes were found by whether patients received chemotherapy in the last 30 days of life. CONCLUSION: Chemotherapy use among older patients diagnosed with metastatic pancreatic cancer was associated with substantially increased use of health care and higher patient out-of-pocket costs near death.





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