Talk to the Veterans Crisis Line now
U.S. flag
An official website of the United States government

VA Health Systems Research

Go to the VA ORD website
Go to the QUERI website

HSR&D Citation Abstract

Search | Search by Center | Search by Source | Keywords in Title

Age modifies the risk of atrial fibrillation among athletes: A systematic literature review and meta-analysis.

Ayinde H, Schweizer ML, Crabb V, Ayinde A, Abugroun A, Hopson J. Age modifies the risk of atrial fibrillation among athletes: A systematic literature review and meta-analysis. International journal of cardiology. Heart & vasculature. 2018 Mar 1; 18:25-29.

Dimensions for VA is a web-based tool available to VA staff that enables detailed searches of published research and research projects.

If you have VA-Intranet access, click here for more information

VA staff not currently on the VA network can access Dimensions by registering for an account using their VA email address.
   Search Dimensions for VA for this citation
* Don't have VA-internal network access or a VA email address? Try searching the free-to-the-public version of Dimensions


BACKGROUND: The relationship between competitive sports and atrial fibrillation (AF) is controversial. We aimed to systematically evaluate and summarize all published observational data on the association between competitive sports and AF. METHODS AND RESULTS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus and SportDiskus for all observational studies that assessed the risk of AF among athletes involved in competitive sports. Data were extracted and pooled odds ratios (OR) were calculated using random effects models. Six cohort studies and 2 case-control studies with a total of 9113 subjects were included in our meta-analysis. Pooled analyses showed an increased risk of incident and prevalent AF among athletes compared to the general population (OR? = 1.64 [95% confidence interval (CI): 1.10-2.43]). Age-stratified analysis revealed an effect modification with age. Studies enrolling younger adults ( < 54?years) had an increased risk of AF among athletes compared to controls (OR? = 1.96 [95% CI: 1.06-3.65]), but this association was not seen among older adults = 54?years (OR? = 1.41 [95% CI: 0.81-2.44], p? = 0.23). CONCLUSION: Athletes have an increased risk of AF compared to the general population. Age appears to modify the risk of AF in athletes.

Questions about the HSR website? Email the Web Team

Any health information on this website is strictly for informational purposes and is not intended as medical advice. It should not be used to diagnose or treat any condition.