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Femoral Nerve Catheters Improve Home Disposition and Pain in Hip Fracture Patients Treated With Total Hip Arthroplasty.

Arsoy D, Huddleston JI, Amanatullah DF, Giori NJ, Maloney WJ, Goodman SB. Femoral Nerve Catheters Improve Home Disposition and Pain in Hip Fracture Patients Treated With Total Hip Arthroplasty. The Journal of arthroplasty. 2017 Nov 1; 32(11):3434-3437.

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BACKGROUND: Opioids have been the mainstay of treatment in the physiologically young geriatric hip fracture patient undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA). However opioid-related side effects increase morbidity. Regional anesthesia may provide better analgesia, while decreasing opioid-related side effects. The goal of this study was to examine the effect of perioperative continuous femoral nerve blockade with regards to pain scores, opioid-related side effects and posthospital disposition in hip fracture patients undergoing THA. METHODS: Twenty-nine consecutive geriatric hip fracture patients (22 women/7 men) underwent THA. Average follow-up was 8.3 months (6 weeks-39 months). Fifteen patients were treated with standard analgesia (SA). Fourteen patients received an ultrasound-guided insertion of a femoral nerve catheter after radiographic confirmation of a hip fracture. All complications and readmissions that occurred within 6 weeks of surgery were noted. RESULTS: Continuous femoral nerve catheter (CFNC) patients were discharged home more frequently than SA patients (43% for CFNC vs 7% for SA; P  = .023). CFNC patients reported lower average pain scores preoperatively (P < .0001), on postoperative day 1 (P  = .005) and postoperative day 2 (P  = .037). Preoperatively, CFNC patients required 61% less morphine equivalent (P  = .007). CFNC patients had a lower rate of opioid-related side effects compared with SA patients (7% vs 47%; P  = .035). CONCLUSION: CFNC patients were discharged to home more frequently. Use of a CFNC decreased daily average patient-reported pain scores, preoperative opioid usage, and opioid-related side effects after THA for hip fracture. Based on these data, we recommend routine use of perioperative CFNC in hip fracture patients undergoing THA.

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