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Dreison KC, White DA, Bauer SM, Salyers MP, McGuire AB. Integrating Self-Determination and Job Demands-Resources Theory in Predicting Mental Health Provider Burnout. Administration and policy in mental health. 2018 Jan 1; 45(1):121-130.
Limited progress has been made in reducing burnout in mental health professionals. Accordingly, we identified factors that might protect against burnout and could be productive focal areas for future interventions. Guided by self-determination theory, we examined whether supervisor autonomy support, self-efficacy, and staff cohesion predict provider burnout. 358 staff from 13 agencies completed surveys. Higher levels of supervisor autonomy support, self-efficacy, and staff cohesion were predictive of lower burnout, even after accounting for job demands. Although administrators may be limited in their ability to reduce job demands, our findings suggest that increasing core job resources may be a viable alternative.