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Patient Preferences for Primary Care Provider Roles in Breast Cancer Survivorship Care.

Wallner LP, Li Y, Furgal AKC, Friese CR, Hamilton AS, Ward KC, Jagsi R, Katz SJ, Hawley ST. Patient Preferences for Primary Care Provider Roles in Breast Cancer Survivorship Care. Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology. 2017 Sep 1; 35(25):2942-2948.

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Purpose Prior studies have suggested a need for greater clarity about provider roles in team-based cancer care; however, little is known about patients'' preferences regarding which providers handle their care needs after primary cancer treatment. Methods We surveyed women with newly diagnosed stages 0 to II breast cancer who were treated in 2014 and 2015 as reported to the Georgia and Los Angeles SEER registries (N = 2,372; 68% response rate). Patient preferences regarding which provider handles the following care needs after treatment were ascertained: follow-up mammograms, screening for other cancers, general preventive care, and comorbidity management. Associations between patient demographic factors with preferences for provider roles-oncology-directed care versus primary care provider (PCP)-directed care-were assessed by using multivariable logistic regression. Results The majority of women preferred that their PCPs handle general preventive care (79%) and comorbidity care (84%), but a notable minority of women preferred that their oncologists direct this care (21% and 16%, respectively). Minority women-black and Asian versus white-and women with a high school education or less-versus undergraduate college education or more-displayed greater odds of preferring oncology-directed care-versus PCP-directed care-for their general preventive care (black odds ratio [OR], 2.01; 95% CI, 1.43 to 2.82; Asian OR, 1.74; 95% CI, 1.13 to 2.69; high school education or less OR, 1.51; 95% CI, 1.10 to 2.08). Similar variations existed for comorbidity care. Conclusion In this sample, minority women and those with less education more often preferred that oncologists direct certain aspects of their care after breast cancer treatment that are normally delivered by a PCP. Efforts to clarify provider roles in survivorship care to patients may be effective in improving team-based cancer care.

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