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Clopidogrel reloading for patients with acute myocardial infarction already on clopidogrel therapy.

Doll JA, Li S, Chiswell K, Roe MT, Kosiborod M, Scirica BM, Wang TY. Clopidogrel reloading for patients with acute myocardial infarction already on clopidogrel therapy. European heart journal. 2018 Jan 14; 39(3):193-200.

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Aims: We sought to determine the association of clopidogrel reloading with in-hospital bleeding and mortality in contemporary practice. Methods and results: We examined clopidogrel reloading for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) patients on pre-admission clopidogrel therapy in the ACTION Registry-GWTG from 2009 to 2014. We used inverse probability weighted propensity adjustment to compare in-hospital mortality and major bleeding risks between patients reloaded in the first 24?h with? = 300?mg of clopidogrel vs. those continued on a maintenance ( < 300?mg) dose. Among the 12?366 patients on pre-admission clopidogrel therapy who were admitted with STEMI, 9369 (75.8%) received a loading dose. Of 39?158 patients with NSTEMI, 10?144 (25.9%) were reloaded. Reloaded patients were younger, had fewer comorbid conditions, and were more likely to be treated with primary PCI (STEMI) or an early invasive strategy (NSTEMI). Risks of major bleeding were not significantly different between patients with and without reloading, whether presenting with STEMI (OR 0.98, 95% CI 0.85-1.13) or NSTEMI (OR 1.00, 95% CI 0.90-1.11). Among STEMI patients, clopidogrel reloading was associated with lower risks of in-hospital mortality (OR 0.80, 95% CI 0.66-0.96), however no significant mortality difference was observed among NSTEMI patients (OR 1.13, 95% CI 0.93-1.37). Conclusion: Clopidogrel reloading occurs frequently among MI patients who are on pre-admission clopidogrel therapy, particularly among STEMI patients. We did not observe increased bleeding or mortality risk with clopidogrel reloading, and therefore reloading could be safe for most MI patients.

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