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Use of Medications for Treating Anxiety or Depression among Testicular Cancer Survivors: A Multi-Institutional Study.

ArdeshirRouhaniFard S, Dinh PC, Monahan PO, Fossa SD, Huddart R, Fung C, Song Y, Feldman DR, Hamilton RJ, Vaughn DJ, Martin NE, Kollmannsberger C, Einhorn L, Kroenke K, Travis LB. Use of Medications for Treating Anxiety or Depression among Testicular Cancer Survivors: A Multi-Institutional Study. Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology. 2021 Jun 1; 30(6):1129-1138.

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BACKGROUND: This study examined sociodemographic factors, cisplatin-related adverse health outcomes (AHO), and cumulative burden of morbidity (CBM) scores associated with medication use for anxiety and/or depression in testicular cancer survivors (TCS). METHODS: A total of 1,802 TCS who completed cisplatin-based chemotherapy = 12 months previously completed questionnaires regarding sociodemographic features and cisplatin-related AHOs [hearing impairment, tinnitus, peripheral sensory neuropathy (PSN), and kidney disease]. A CBM score encompassed the number and severity of cisplatin-related AHOs. Multivariable logistic regression models assessed the relationship of individual AHOs and CBM with medication use for anxiety and/or depression. RESULTS: A total of 151 TCS (8.4%) used medications for anxiety and/or depression. No cisplatin-related AHOs were reported by 511 (28.4%) participants, whereas 622 (34.5%), 334 (18.5%), 287 (15.9%), and 48 (2.7%), respectively, had very low, low, medium, and high CBM scores. In the multivariable model, higher CBM scores were significantly associated with medication use for anxiety and/or depression ( < 0.0001). In addition, tinnitus ( = 0.0009), PSN ( = 0.02), and having health insurance ( = 0.05) were significantly associated with greater use of these medications, whereas being employed ( = 0.0005) and vigorous physical activity ( = 0.01) were significantly associated with diminished use. CONCLUSIONS: TCS with higher CBM scores had a higher probability of using medications for anxiety and/or depression, and conversely, those who were employed and physically active tended to have reduced use of these medications. IMPACT: Healthcare providers should encourage TCS to increase physical activity to improve both physical and mental health. Rehabilitation programs should assess work-related skills and provide career development counseling/training.

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